Mobile menu icon
Mobile menu icon Search iconSearch
Search type

Professor Dame Tina Lavender PhD, MSc, RM, RGN

Photograph of Tina Lavender

Professor of Midwifery

University of Manchester School of Nursing
Midwifery & Social Work
Jean McFarlane Building 
University Place
Oxford Road
M13 9PL


Tina is Professor of Midwifery and Director of the Centre for Global Women's Health . She directs the Midwifery Research group.

Memberships of Committees and Professional Bodies

  • Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, Cochrane Collaboration
  • European Academy of Nurse Science
  • Royal College of Midwives
  • British Maternal and Fetal Medicine Society

Methodological Knowledge

  • I use a range of qualitative and quantitative methods
  • Quantitative: I have conducted a number of randomised controlled trials and observational studies. I am an experienced Cochrane Systematic Reviewer
  • Qualitative: I have conducted a number of qualitative studies; stand alone and part of mixed methods approaches. I have experience in utilising qualitative findings to inform and/or understand intervention studies. I have expertise in meta-synthesis.


Dame Tina Lavender is Professor of Midwifery and Director of the Centre for Global Women’s Health at the University of Manchester. She also holds an honorary contract at St Mary’s Hospital, Manchester and a Visiting Professorship at the University of Nairobi. She leads a programme of research, Midwifery and Women's Health; her main research focus being the management of prolonged labour and partogram use. Dame Tina has published extensively in this field.  She is Co-editor in Chief of the British Journal of Midwifery, Associate Editor of the African Journal of Midwifery and Women’s Health, Editor of the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group of the Cochrane Collaboration and on the editorial team of the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Dame Tina is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Midwives and European Academy of Nurse Science. Dame Tina also acts as a regular Advisor to the World Health Organization, particularly in relation to guideline development.


  • Registered General Nurse 1987
  • Registered Midwife 1990
  • MSc (Practitioner Research) 1995
  • PhD (Managing prolonged labour using different partogram action lines: obstetric outcome and maternal satisfaction) 1999
  • Preparation Course for Supervisors Of Midwives (Level 3) 2000




  • Bohren, M. A., Oladapo, O. T., Tunçalp, Ö., Wendland, M., Vogel, J. P., Tikkanen, M., ... Sanghvi, H. (2015).

    Formative research and development of innovative tools for "Better Outcomes in Labour Difficulty" (BOLD): study protocol.Reproductive health, 12. DOI:10.1186/s12978-015-0028-5. Publication link: dd6af37c-7b13-4ba4-90be-36bcea782984 | PubMed:26006320
  • Briscoe, L., Lavender, T., O'Brien, E., Campbell, M., & McGowan, L. (2015).

    A mixed methods study to explore women and clinicians' response to pain associated with suturing second degree perineal tears and episiotomies [PRAISE].Midwifery, 31(4). DOI:10.1016/j.midw.2014.12.010. Publication link: 722bbaca-7957-494b-aa36-b96084a6a0a7 | PubMed:25656307
  • Cooke, A., Cork, M. J., Victor, S., Campbell, M., Danby, S., Chittock, J., ... Cork, M. J. (2015).

    Olive Oil, Sunflower Oil or no Oil for Baby Dry Skin or Massage: A Pilot, Assessor-blinded, Randomized Controlled Trial (the Oil in Baby SkincaRE [OBSeRvE] Study).Acta dermato-venereologica. DOI:10.2340/00015555-2279. Publication link: fa1e5304-d56a-48a1-b1b8-2875db71260f | PubMed:26551528
  • Lavender, T., & Smith, D. M. (2015).

    Seeing it through their eyes: a qualitative study of the pregnancy experiences of women with a body mass index of 30 or more.Health expectations : an international journal of public participation in health care and health policy. DOI:10.1111/hex.12339. Publication link: 79846283-a173-4bd6-b030-2446e1901f4f | PubMed:25601510
  • Mills, T. A., Lavender, R., & Lavender, T. (2015).

    "Forty is the new twenty": An analysis of British media portrayals of older mothers.Sexual & reproductive healthcare : official journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives, 6(2). DOI:10.1016/j.srhc.2014.10.005. Publication link: 9433e680-3158-4c61-8bd8-83bf372bde1b | PubMed:25998876
  • Sharma, G., Mathai, M., Dickson, K. E., Weeks, A., Hofmeyr, G., Lavender, T., ... de Bernis, L. (2015).

    Quality care during labour and birth: a multi-country analysis of health system bottlenecks and potential solutions.BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 15 Suppl 2. DOI:10.1186/1471-2393-15-S2-S2. Publication link: d3bc33cf-6576-4399-bd8c-5fba41e52c11 | PubMed:26390886
  • Smith, D. M., Taylor, W., & Lavender, T. (2015).

    Behaviour Change Techniques to change the postnatal eating and physical activity behaviours of women who are obese: a qualitative study. Unknown Journal. DOI:10.1111/1471-0528.13751. Publication link: 3bd58dea-395d-4b7e-a3a5-af069e676970 | PubMed:26537206
  • Souza, J. P., Oladapo, O. T., Bohren, M. A., Mugerwa, K., Fawole, B., Moscovici, L., ... Sanghvi, H. (2015).

    The development of a Simplified, Effective, Labour Monitoring-to-Action (SELMA) tool for Better Outcomes in Labour Difficulty (BOLD): study protocol.Reproductive health, 12. DOI:10.1186/s12978-015-0029-4. Publication link: c20457af-1de6-4e16-8e2a-26ca376891d8 | PubMed:26006758



  • Barker, K., Omoni, G., Wakasiaka, S., Watiti, J., Mathai, M., & Lavender, T. (2013).

    'Moving with the times' taking a glocal approach: A qualitative study of African student nurse views of e learning. Nurse Education Today, 33(4), 407-412. DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2013.01.001. Publication link: 04187011-4254-4d36-a7e2-21c8f30196be | PubMed:23380536
  • Furber, C. M., McGowan, L., Bower, P., Kontopantelis, E., Quenby, S., & Lavender, T. (2013).

    Antenatal interventions for reducing weight in obese women for improving pregnancy outcome.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), 1, CD009334. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD009334.pub2. Publication link: 20d105b6-1474-487a-a93c-1367b9daa0e5 | PubMed:23440836
  • Heazell, A. E. P., Bernatavicius, G., Roberts, S. A., Garrod, A., Whitworth, M. K., Johnstone, E. D., ... Lavender, T. (2013).

    A randomised controlled trial comparing standard or intensive management of reduced fetal movements after 36 weeks gestation-a feasibility study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 13, [95]. DOI:10.1186/1471-2393-13-95. Publication link: 10ae08f7-b51e-43db-8b85-4187a2a5e247 | PubMed:23590451
  • Kenny, L. C., Lavender, T., McNamee, R., O'Neill, S. M., Mills, T., & Khashan, A. S. (2013).

    Advanced Maternal Age and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome: Evidence from a Large Contemporary Cohort. PLoS ONE, 8(2), [e56583]. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0056583. Publication link: ebb89566-5dd3-4f90-be12-a54805c0956e | PubMed:23437176
  • Lavender, T., Bedwell, C., Roberts, S. A., Hart, A., Turner, M. A., Carter, L. A., & Cork, M. J. (2013).

    Randomized, Controlled Trial Evaluating a Baby Wash Product on Skin Barrier Function in Healthy, Term Neonates. JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 42(2), 203-214. DOI:10.1111/1552-6909.12015. Publication link: d3325c8a-e35e-4c22-a8b9-d7662f6fb4cb | PubMed:23421327
  • Lavender, T., Hart, A., & Smyth, R. M. D. (2013).

    Effect of partogram use on outcomes for women in spontaneous labour at term.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), 7, CD005461. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005461.pub4. Publication link: 3b89643a-e9ac-4ac5-af51-ebf8d64b748b | PubMed:23843091
  • Lavender, T., Richens, Y., Milan, S. J., Smyth, R. M. D., & Dowswell, T. (2013).

    Telephone support for women during pregnancy and the first six weeks postpartum.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), 7, CD009338. . Publication link: 05a4019e-c3e9-4fbe-9322-245d8ab9c2ff
  • O'Brien, E., Rauf, Z., Alfirevic, Z., & Lavender, T. (2013).

    Women's experiences of outpatient induction of labour with remote continuous monitoring. Midwifery, 29(4), 325-331. DOI:10.1016/j.midw.2012.01.014. Publication link: 7b90446d-155a-46dc-89fd-ada4f0356212 | PubMed:23159160
  • Tina Lavender, D., Omoni, G., Lee, K., Wakasiaki, S., Campbell, M., Watiti, J., & Mathai, M. (2013).

    A pilot quasi-experimental study to determine the feasibility of implementing a partograph e-learning tool for student midwife training in Nairobi. Midwifery, 29(8), 876-884. DOI:10.1016/j.midw.2012.10.003. Publication link: 04cd5059-9900-4fb3-b284-43afe3c51352 | PubMed:23481339
  • Richens, Y., Smith, D. M., & Lavender, T. (2013).

    The Role of the Midwife During Pregnancy, Labour and Post-partum. In Obesity|Obesity. (1 ed., pp. 343-355). London: Elsevier Inc.. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-416045-3.00026-1. Publication link: 1ac2c753-87b7-4bb5-860a-5a2f09c00590


  • Bedwell, C., McGowan, L., & Lavender, T. (2012).

    Using diaries to explore midwives' experiences in intrapartum care: An evaluation of the method in a phenomenological study. Midwifery, 28(2), 150-155. DOI:10.1016/j.midw.2010.12.007. Publication link: 9c9351ef-d22a-48eb-9650-60f771e6a8da | PubMed:21345555
  • Cooke, A., Mills, T. A., & Lavender, T. (2012).

    Advanced maternal age: Delayed childbearing is rarely a conscious choice. A qualitative study of women's views and experiences. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49(1), 30-39. DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.07.013. Publication link: 089978bc-16fa-4f01-9e85-52b2107ccfaf
  • Danby, S. G., Alenezi, T., Sultan, A., Lavender, T., Chittock, J., Brown, K., & Cork, M. J. (2012).

    Effect of Olive and Sunflower Seed Oil on the Adult Skin Barrier: Implications for Neonatal Skin Care.Pediatric Dermatology. DOI:10.1111/j.1525-1470.2012.01865.x.. Publication link: 9bafd259-cbc9-47f9-9b54-c4cf12a59726
  • Furber, C., Bedwell, C., Campbell, M., Cork, M., Jones, C., Rowland, L., & Lavender, T. (2012).

    The Challenges and Realties of Diaper Area Cleansing for Parents. JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 41(6), E13-E25. DOI:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2012.01390.x. Publication link: 43631b29-b5c8-4a6f-b0a5-0d1918c3cbe1
  • Jones, L., Othman, M., Dowswell, T., Alfirevic, Z., Gates, S., Newburn, M., ... Neilson, J. P. (2012).

    Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), 3, CD009234. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD009234.pub2. Publication link: fcf1ec3c-57ad-4b4b-8a67-39f6d029f02f | PubMed:22419342
  • Lavender, T., Furber, C., Campbell, M., Victor, S., Roberts, I., Bedwell, C., & Cork, M. J. (2012).

    Effect on skin hydration of using baby wipes to clean the napkin area of newborn babies: Assessor-blinded randomised controlled equivalence trial. BMC Pediatrics, 12, [59]. DOI:10.1186/1471-2431-12-59. Publication link: 84696b61-adf0-4811-ad83-941f4b11bd30 | PubMed:22656391
  • Lavender, T., Hart, A., & Smyth, R. M. D. (2012).

    Effect of partogram use on outcomes for women in spontaneous labour at term.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), 8, CD005461. . Publication link: b4f67b15-5e1e-490e-bf24-d9d002581a66
  • Lavender, T., Hofmeyr, G. J., Neilson, J. P., Kingdon, C., & Gyte, G. M. L. (2012).

    Caesarean section for non-medical reasons at term.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), 3, CD004660. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD004660.pub3. Publication link: 7959a683-18cc-40b3-83c7-508e99664152 | PubMed:22419296
  • Norman, J. E., Shennan, A., Bennett, P., Thornton, S., Robson, S., Marlow, N., ... Whyte, S. (2012).

    Trial protocol OPPTIMUM- Does progesterone prophylaxis for the prevention of preterm labour improve outcome?. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 12, [79]. DOI:10.1186/1471-2393-12-79. Publication link: 62e15db6-fa63-4a8a-9291-07ab398f907e | PubMed:22866909
  • Smith, D. M., Cooke, A., & Lavender, T. (2012).

    Maternal obesity is the new challenge; a qualitative study of health professionals' views towards suitable care for pregnant women with a Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 12, [157]. DOI:10.1186/1471-2393-12-157. Publication link: 323b5ec6-293a-41af-b0b1-7317159e2a25 | PubMed:23253137


  • Bedwell, C., Dowswell, T., Neilson, J. P., & Lavender, T. (2011).

    The use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain relief in labour: A review of the evidence. Midwifery, 27(5), e141-e148. DOI:10.1016/j.midw.2009.12.004. Publication link: 6c0522a1-95e0-46d7-b6f7-deba76708e9a | PubMed:20170995
  • Bedwell, C., Houghton, G., Richens, Y., & Lavender, T. (2011).

    She can choose, as long as I'm happy with it: A qualitative study of expectant fathers' views of birth place. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, 2(2), 71-75. DOI:10.1016/j.srhc.2010.12.001. Publication link: 40220da1-135c-448e-998e-914dd2b0db1a | PubMed:21439524
  • Cooke, A., Cork, M. J., Danby, S., & Lavender, T. (2011).

    Use of oil for baby skincare: A survey of UK maternity and neonatal units. British Journal of Midwifery, 19(6), 354-362. . Publication link: c55911e2-895a-4245-8abe-5863959d9383
  • Cooke, A., Mills, T. A., & Lavender, T. (2011).

    Advanced maternal age: Delayed childbearing is rarely a conscious choice: A qualitative study of women's views and experiences. International Journal of Nursing Studies. . Publication link: 84a57fb5-9511-49e7-b0a7-0bb8b2d94e46
  • Furber, C., Mcgowan, L., Bower, P., Kontopantelis, E., Quenby, S., & Lavender, T. (2011).

    Antenatal interventions for reducing weight in obese women for improving pregnancy outcome (Protocol).Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 10(CD009334). DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD009334. Publication link: 65eff56f-33a0-4818-a9ac-a4768e5228fa
  • Lavender, T., & Victor, S. (2011).

    EXTUBATE: A randomised controlled trial of nasal biphasic positive airway pressure vs. nasal continuous positive airway pressure following extubation in infants less than 30 weeks' gestation: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 12, [257]. DOI:10.1186/1745-6215-12-257. Publication link: 38a4b3a9-d7dc-49a3-8710-2b349a851164
  • Lavender, T., Bedwell, C., O'Brien, E., Cork, M. J., Turner, M., & Hart, A. (2011).

    Infant skin-cleansing product versus water: A pilot randomized, assessor-blinded controlled trial. BMC Pediatrics, 11, [35]. DOI:10.1186/1471-2431-11-35. Publication link: a4523fa8-d5f7-4132-87ef-d6fc1a0e7c7c | PubMed:21569487
  • Mills, T. A., & Lavender, T. (2011).

    Advanced maternal age. Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine, 21(4), 107-111. DOI:10.1016/j.ogrm.2010.12.003. Publication link: 936e2a5b-a431-42b6-8e19-4009fc949032
  • Rauf, Z., O'Brien, E., Stampalija, T., Ilioniu, F. P., Lavender, T., & Alfirevic, Z. (2011).

    Home labour induction with retrievable prostaglandin pessary and continuous telemetric trans-abdominal fetal ECG monitoring. PLoS ONE, 6(11), [e28129]. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0028129. Publication link: 7fbbad7c-b9ea-4845-8e8d-36f9d9042ba0
  • Smith, D., & Lavender, T. (2011).

    The maternity experience for women with a body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m 2: A meta-synthesis. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 118(7), 779-789. DOI:10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.02924.x. Publication link: e18ff430-ad2c-430f-9f0c-46b200b64f18 | PubMed:21385305



  • Briscoe, L., & Lavender, T. (2009).

    Exploring maternity care for asylum seekers and refugees. British Journal of Midwifery, 17(1), 17-23. . Publication link: a22112b9-ab1e-405e-b287-d48b7190f7a1
  • Downe, S., Finlayson, K., Walsh, D., & Lavender, T. (2009).

    'Weighing up and balancing out': A meta-synthesis of barriers to antenatal care for marginalised women in high-income countries. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 116(4), 518-529. DOI:10.1111/j.1471-0528.2008.02067.x. Publication link: 728bf2e6-ea02-4978-aa7f-00e0ff0fc422
  • Kingdon, C., Neilson, J., Singleton, V., Gyte, G., Hart, A., Gabbay, M., & Lavender, T. (2009).

    Choice and birth method: Mixed-method study of caesarean delivery for maternal request. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 116(7), 886-895. DOI:10.1111/j.1471-0528.2009.02119.x. Publication link: 59ee7d1c-d28a-4554-a864-1799651bda1d
  • Lavender, T., & Kingdon, C. (2009).

    Primigravid women's views of being approached to participate in a hypothetical term cephalic trial of planned vaginal birth versus planned cesarean birth. Birth, 36(3), 213-219. DOI:10.1111/j.1523-536X.2009.00325.x. Publication link: a0ce3f75-8c94-4673-9aec-c7f6bb7a2736
  • Lavender, T., Bedwell, C., Tsekiri-O'Brien, E., Hart, A., Turner, M., & Cork, M. (2009).

    A qualitative study exploring women's and health professionals' views of newborn bathing practices. Evidence Based Midwifery, 7(4), 112-121. . Publication link: 9f6b4757-e90d-42fd-be79-970f2c152511
  • Lavender, T., Dowswell, T., Bedwell, C., Neilson, J. P., & Neilson, J. P. (2009).

    Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain relief in labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CD007214(2), [CD007214]. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD007214.pub2. Publication link: 5b41510f-4610-497a-8c09-7eb3fb2eebd2
  • McFadden, K., & Lavender, T. (2009).

    Exploration of factors which influence women's breastfeeding experiences following Lower Uterine Segment Caesarean Section.Evidence Based Midwifery, 7(2). . Publication link: 579a4b16-2783-402c-afd7-ef7248b44c16


  • Houghton, G., Bedwell, C., Forsey, M., Baker, L., & Lavender, T. (2008).

    Factors influencing choice in Birthplace: An exploration of the views of women, partners and professionals. Evidence Based Midwifery, 6(2), 59-64. . Publication link: 6832ac72-24f2-4c23-aff2-156e6716b25b
  • Lavender, T., Hart, A., & Smyth, R. M. D. (2008).

    Effect of partogram use on outcomes for women in spontaneous labour at term. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), (4), [CD005461]. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD005461.pub2. Publication link: 85e1025d-4cf2-4a46-9bac-7a4eb904c65c
  • O'Brien, E., Lavender, T., Tsekiri, E., & Baker, L. (2008).

    Recording labour: A national survey of partogram use. British Journal of Midwifery, 16(6), 359-362. . Publication link: 5ea01acd-65eb-4f0b-8621-74391df1cbe2








  • Basevi, V., & Lavender, T. (2001).

    Routine perineal shaving on admission in labour.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online : Update Software), (1), CD001236. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD001236. Publication link: e251293b-9f9d-48e1-a9a2-ae91f7fadfb5
  • Corkill, A., Lavender, T., Walkinshaw, S. A., & Alfirevic, Z. (2001).

    Reducing postnatal pain from perineal tears by using lignocaine gel: A double-blind randomized trial. Birth, 28(1), 22-27. . Publication link: 9f3a16c2-db72-43cb-9b0b-cb74a141f3f2


  • Lavender, T., & Malcolmson, L. (1999).

    Is the partogram a help or a hindrance? An exploratory study of midwives' views.Practising Midwife, 2(8), 23-27. . Publication link: a50b48b3-5dd0-4c4a-bb7a-d0dda19adbae
  • Lavender, T., Walkinshaw, S., & Walton, I. (1999).

    A prospective study of women's views of factors contributing to a positive birth experience.Midwifery, 15( 1). . Publication link: 246f54ce-da17-406c-a1d1-b491472e7bac
  • Lavender, T., Wallymahmed, A., & Walkinshaw, S. (1999).

    Managing labor using partograms with different action lines: a prospective study of women's views.Birth, 26( 2). . Publication link: 49e5e4db-1709-4b1b-b52f-ce349ada594f
  • Malcolmson, L., Lavender, T., & Walkinshaw, S. (1999).

    Visiting on the maternity wards.Practising Midwife, 2(3), 20-23. . Publication link: 06347a50-7cac-4641-8756-563dbf51472f


  • Blanch, G., Lavender, T., Walkinshaw, S., & Alfirevic, Z. (1998).

    Dysfunctional labour: A randomised trial. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 105(1), 117-120. . Publication link: 966790e3-1b0c-4e86-9f15-4c4231ea1fa2
  • Lavender, T., & Walkinshaw, S. A. (1998).

    Can midwives reduce postpartum psychological morbidity? A randomized trial. Birth, 25(4), 215-219. . Publication link: d5c89055-70c1-429a-a118-c865c892837b
  • Lavender, T., Alfirevic, Z., & Walkinshaw, S. (1998).

    Partogram action line study: A randomised trial. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 105(9), 976-980. . Publication link: 0b3644b4-2756-41c8-8e17-c162404d69fd

Selected research projects

View all research projects